Vivianite from the Quaternary sediments in Dolní Lutyně (Silesia, Czech Republic)Article PDF
Vivianite from the Quaternary sediments in Dolní Lutyně (Silesia, Czech Republic)
Vivianite was found in an active sand and gravel pit Dolní Lutyně – Velké Lány, Silesia, Czech Republic. It extracts mineral raw material from Quaternary fluvial? channels filled by glacifluvial gravel and sand with clayey intercalations of moraine origin, overlaid by melting water subglacial sediments of the progressive phase of glaciation and discontinuous sediments from the retreat glaciation phase. Loess loamy clays, peat clays, and peat are locally situated in their overburden. Vivianite forms powdery dark blue aggregates in the silt sediments with organic matter. The unit-cell parameters refined from X-ray powder diffraction data are: a = 10.0319(4), b = 13.4177(4), c = 4.6918(2) Å, β = 102.294(3)° and V = 617.06 Å3. Microchemical analysis of vivianite (average from 6 spots) corresponds to the empirical formula Fe2+2.99Mn2+0.02Ca0.01Mg0.01(PO4)1.97 . 8.01 H2O, as the water was calculated from the M2+ / H2O ratio according to the ideal formula and after recalculation based on 16 oxygen atoms per formula unit. Minor isomorphic admixtures are Mn (max. 0.025 apfu), Mg (max. 0.020 apfu), and Ca (max. 0.015 apfu). Average SiO2 content 0.57 wt. % might be ascribed to the surrounding clay matrix. Vivianite is associated with organic matter (leaves, seeds) deposited in the fluvial silt sediments, which supplied both P and reductive environment necessary for the mineral formation.
Jakub Jirásek, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Palacký University Olomouc, 17. listopadu 1192/12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dalibor Matýsek, Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Vysoká škola báňská – Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15/ 2172, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, e-mail: email@example.com
Aneta Minaříková, Department of Geological Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Vysoká škola báňská – Technical University of Ostrava, 17. listopadu 15/ 2172, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org